The Apadana Palace in Susa, the Darius the great Palace, the Susa Palace or locally known as "Kakh-e Apadana" is an ancient royal palace located in the historic city of Susa, one hundred kilometers from Ahvaz, in the province of Khuzestan. This palace was built by Darius I at the Achaemenid age in the city of Susa, which had been taken by Cyrus the Great in 538 BC. C. Cambyses II the son of Cyrus decided to transfer the capital of the empire from Pasargadae to Susa. The ruins of the Apadana Palace were found during archaeological excavations between 1932 and 1935. The Apadana Palace is what represents ancient Susa listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with other excavated ruins (the Acropolis and the Royal Villa) in the zone. Some parts of the Apadana Palace such as a decorative panel, a column and etc. are exposed to the public in the Louvre museum in Paris.
Persepolis is not the only amazing work of architecture in the Achaemenid era. Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System recognized as a masterpiece of creative genius is another one dates back to Darius the Great in the 5th century B.C. It is Iran's 10th cultural heritage site registered as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2009.
The great palace of Apadana was built by Darius I, king of the Achaemenid empire, on the Elamite ruins between 515 and 525 BC. C. Susa was the favorite capital of Dario I and he did not hesitate to build his palace with high technologies and better designs of that time. The construction works of the Apadana palace continued during the reign of Xerxes, Artaxerxes I and Darius II. Artaxerxes II had an important role in restoring part of the palace that was damaged by a fire fifty years earlier during the reign of Artaxerxes I. Unfortunately Apadana's palace along with other Achaemenid palaces were totally destroyed during the invasion of Alexander the Great.
The Apadana Palace was a work of art from the Achaemenid Empire on an area of 12 hectares on an artificial terrace. The architecture of the palace is inspired by Neo-Babylonian designs with new and original details such as the square rooms supported by four columns seen in Persepolis, the structure also built by Darius I and in parallel with the Apadana Palace. The palace walls are made of sun-baked bricks with a brick facade, and the pillars are made of stone. The palace of Dario I, consists of a large entrance, which was the only access point to the palace and linked it with the Royal Villa, a pavilion with a dimension of 58 meters by 58 meters having 36 columns with 20 meters high, an entertainment room, three central courtyards and hundreds of open halls and pavilions. The inner walls of the palace are adorned with engraved enamelled bricks depicting the soldiers of the winged lion guard and adorned with lotus flowers whose remains can be found in local museums such as the National Museum of Iran and foreigners such as the Louvre Museum in Paris. .
Apadana Palace in Susa is one of the wonders of engineering in Iran with an achemenide architecture quite different from other sights. With our Iran tour packages, you can visit all the important places in Iran. Our tour packages to Iran are made to plan your trip to Iran with unique services. We can make your trip to Iran a wonderful trip.
Contact us and get the best deals for Iran tour packages and visit Iran.
08:00 – 17:00