Persepolis or Takht-e Jamshid, is a historic city located in the northeast of Shiraz, which has been the glorious capital of the Achaemenid empire in ancient Persia.
Persepolis was built by Darius the great and has always been one of the honors and glories of the Achaemenid, Persian, Iranian and Farsi speaking empires in all parts of the world. The great Dario chose Persepolis as the new capital of the Achaemenid Empire in 518 B.C. when it was the beginning of this great city which was burned and destroyed by Alexander the Great 200 years later. The remains of this city are still the signs of the greatness of this historic city.
In the construction of Persepolis participated several architects, artists, scientists, workers, men and women who in addition to having a fixed salary benefited from additional insurance.
Persepolis was expanded in the later time of Darius the great, by his son Xerxes and his grandson Ardashir I. According to the studies of the archaeologists and their research on this historic city, Persepolis was composed of 39 buildings in one hundred twenty-five thousand square meters and counted with four and four thousand inhabitants.
During the Achaemenid era, many ceremonies were held, especially nowruz, in which kings used to receive gifts from other empires, international allies and the rulers of the 128 regions under the control of their empire.
Today you can mention Apadana Palace, Tachar Palace, Hadish Palace, Queen's Palace, Palace H, Palace of Nations (melal) Palace three doors (Sedar), Palace of one hundred columns (Sad Sotun), Palace of the council (Shora) and the building of the imperial treasury that still stand since then.
It's funny sometimes to know where the name of Takht-e Jamshid comes from (Jamshid Board). The famous Iranian poet, Ferdowsi, in his epic book "Shahname" mentions a king named Jamshid who reigned in Iran for seven hundred years and it was during his reign that he began to celebrate the nowruz. For that reason after the invasion of Alexander the Great and the Arabs, when the Achaemenid empire had been forgotten by the people, the people who crossed that region and observed the remains of Persepolos, supposed that these remains are those mentioned by the poet . Later the archaeologists found the remains and translating them announced that those remains belonged to Parseh or Persepolis.
The visit to Persepolis begins from the palace of the nations, where historically they used to enter the representatives of the other empires and the governments under the control of the Achaemenid empire, and later they acceded to the palaces where their destinies were.
|Opening Hours||8 am - 5pm|
|Entrance Fee||4 USD|
|Required Time||2 hours|